Unit 16

Aqueous phase chemistry

In Chapters 1, 2 and 3, we introduced aerosols and cloud condensation nuclei and their role for cloud formation. In this unit, we will build on these concepts by introducing the the concepts of solution, gas transfer into drops, ionization and reactions within the solution.

Cloud physical and chemical processes. From: Mölders and Kramm (2014)

Learning goal

Description, quantification and discussion of chemical processes within cloud and rain drops.

After this unit students should be able to

  • Apply Henry’s law to determine dissolution of soluble trace gases
  • Determine ionization
  • Construct aqueous phase reaction chains and the temporal evolution of concentrations in droplets
  • Determine pH values
  • Analyze heterogeneous chemistry processes
  • Assess impacts of atmospheric trace gases on water of various systems
  • Write gaseous-aqueous phase equilibrium, ionization, and aqueous phase reaction equations as well as dissolution rate, and ionization rate equations.

Students’ Tasks

  1. Prior to watching the video, review the section Raoult’s Law, and the sections on CCNs, diffusion, enthalpy and phase transitions as well as Dalton’s law as these concepts are fundamental for understanding of aqueous chemistry
  2. Watch this video on the material
    1. Read chapter 5.3 to (included) of Lectures in Meteorology
    2. Create an equation and constant sheet with the equations and constants that you consider relevant for solving problems.
    3. Watch this movie that shows an example of a worked problem on how to determine changes between the gas phase and aqueous phase.

    4. Answer the questionnaire by the deadline
    5. Solve the problems assigned at your class level in this task sheetSolve the problems given in this work sheet.

    Supplemental Material

    You can find the powerpoint presentation of this unit here.


    Q: I have difficulty to grabs the idea behind S(IV) and S(VI). What is S(IV) and S(VI)?
    A: This video explains the difference between S(IV) and S(VI).

    Q: How do I deal with the reaction rates?
    A: This video explains how to collect the reaction rates.

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